Performance-Based Planning and Programming (PBPP)

“The metropolitan transportation planning process shall provide for the establishment and use of a performance-based approach to transportation decision making to support national goals…..” 23 USC Section 134(h)(2); 49 USC Section 5303(h)(2). 

Current federal transportation legislation requires MPOs, in collaboration with the state DOT and transit agencies, to formally establish targets for performance measures aligned with seven identified national goals:

National Goals:
  • Safety – to achieve a significant reduction in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads
  • Infrastructure condition – to maintain the highway infrastructure asset system in a state of good repair
  • Congestion reduction – to achieve a significant reduction in congestion on the National Highway System
  • System reliability – to improve the efficiency of the surface transportation system
  • Freight movement and economic vitality – to improve the national freight network, strengthen the ability of rural communities to access national and international trade markets, and support regional economic development
  • Environment sustainability – to enhance the performance of the transportation system while protecting and enhancing the natural environment
  • Reduced project delivery delays – to reduce project costs, promote jobs and the economy, and expedite the movement of people and goods by accelerating project completion through eliminating delays in the project development and delivery process, including reducing regulatory burdens and improving agencies’ work practices

What is PBPP?

PBPP refers to the application of performance management within the federally-required regional planning and programming processes to achieve desired performance outcomes for the multimodal transportation system. PBPP is intended to ensure that transportation investment decisions are made — both in the long-term planning and medium-term programming of projects – based on their ability to meet established goals. Implementation of PBPP is done within the Transportation Performance Management (TPM) framework which includes setting targets for the performance measures identified in the federal legislation.


Performance Measures

Federal planning regulations define performance measures to indicate how well the regional transportation system is meeting national policy goals and the public's expectations. These measured are central to implementing a performance-based planning process that guides investment decisions. This strategic, structured approach relies on performance measurement to reach decisions that fulfill performance outcomes. 

Performance measures are intended to (a) clarify the definition of the goals (b) monitor and track performance over time (c) provide a reference for target setting (d) provide a basis for supporting policy and investment decisions by comparing alternative options, and (e) allow the ability to assess the effectiveness of projects and strategies.

Development of Performance Measures & Targets

USDOT is implementing the federal PBPP requirements through a number of rulemakings released in several phases. At the conclusion of this rulemaking process, New York State will have twelve months to establish statewide performance targets for the federal performance measures, after which NYMTC will have up to 180 days to establish regional performance targets. Please visit  for a complete set of the performance management final rules. Calculations of targets including use of particular data sources, are specified in each final rule.

Required Performance Measures & Targets


Key Implementation Dates

Please see:


Establishment of Targets by the MPO

23 CFR 490.105 (f)(3)

Target establishment options. For each performance measure identified in paragraph (c) of this section, except the CMAQ Traffic Congestion measures in paragraph (f)(5) of this section, and MPOs meeting the criteria under paragraph (f)(6)(iii) of this section for Total Emissions Reduction measure, the MPOs shall establish targets by either:

  • (i) Agreeing to plan and program projects so that they contribute toward the accomplishment of the relevant State DOT target for that performance measure; or
  • (ii) Committing to a quantifiable target for that performance measure for their metropolitan planning area.
Targets for the NYMTC Planning Area


NYMTC was required to establish Safety targets by February 27, 2018.  The Council chose to support the State’s targets as described in Option (i) above, adoption the appropriate resolution to do so. See the appropriate resolution in the “Resolutions” section of this page.


Targets for other performance measures will shown here when they are finalized based on the regulations.

System Performance Report

RTP Chapter 4
Report on baseline condition/performance and progress toward achieving performance targets.  As required, this report has been included in Plan 2045 Chapter 4.

TPM Resolutions

Resolution 464 (5/24/2018)
Resolution 464 of May 24, 2018 adopting the Performance Management Agreement between NYTMC, NYSDOT and public transportation providers in the NYMTC planning area, per the Metropolitan Planning Regulations 23 CFR 450.314(h)(1).

Resolution 458 (1/18/2018)
Supporting Safety Performance Targets under the TPM Requirements


More information on PBPP

Transportation Performance Management
Performance Based Planning and Programming Guidebook